Divide-style riding– the open dirt roads that are influencing a new generation of cyclecampers– has provided me with a home for the summer. Daily challenges and joys come from climbing and descending the skeleton of the American west, while every evening is topped with delightful campsites, for free. The Great Divide Route is the Trans-Am Route of the modern day, as Fargos and Trolls are the equivalents of old Trek and Fuji touring frames. The Divide is the fusion of our American cycletouring heritage and several decades of mountain biking– it’s a way of connecting the dots and getting away from it all.
Most road maps facilitate travel along the paths of least resistance, though river valleys and along interstate highways. Lesser known routes encounter greater resistance– in route planning and topography– but uncover the uncommon character that is hidden in the folds of the land. The Great Divide Route is changing the way American cyclists look at cycletouring and is both ready-made and quite rideable, lessening the resistance to “getting away”. While a single day’s ride on the Divide might be challenging, the open road ahead is an inviting yellow brick road of logistic simplicity. Turn-by-turn directions and comprehensive resources for cyclists (groceries, water, lodging, camping, police, etc.) are listed on the maps, in addition to elevation profiles. Concerns that the Divide reaches deep into the wilderness, days away from food and resources are unnecessary. Every few days the rider encounters a proper grocery, and water is not an issue in most places; when it is less plentiful one simply carries a little more for the duration described in the maps. If the Divide calls to you, I’m telling you that you can! You still have to ride your bike up and over mountains, but it couldn’t be any easier.
The Great Divide Route is the realization of an idea with roots in the original Bikecentennial route (renamed Trans-Am), which was meant to uncover America’s backroads. As originally designed, the cross-country route included miles of gravel farm roads inspired by terrain encountered on the Siples’ Hemistour ride. Overwhelmingly, the first wave of Bikecentennial riders complained about the hardship of riding dirt on the typical 27×1 1/4 (630 x 32mm) tires of the time. The Siples had ridden handbuilt 650b wheels laced to Campagnolo hubs, with an approximate 40mm tire. Edit: I’m currently researching the tires used on Hemistour, as they are simultaneously and incongruously referred to as 650B (584mm) and 26 x 1 3/8 (590mm). June Siple has a record of equipment used, and may soon shed some light. Ten years later as ATBs exploded onto the market. riders finally had the appropriate equipment to explore these dirt routes, especially the more challenging rides into the mountains. Meeting over margaritas and Mexican food in 1994, as legend has it, Michael McCoy conspired with ACA staff to design a dirt route along the spine of the country. Within the year the Great Divide Route was born, and the rest is (recent) history.
Today, more people are touring on mountain bike tires and mountain bikes, in the mountains. Riders are discovering the value of lightweight packing as backpackers have known for years. The combination opens up the opportunity to ride high mountain roads and singletrack for multiple days at a time. My own evolution as a rider mirrors the history of American cycletouring, and after a few long years the final and most contemporary piece to the puzzle will fall into place on the Colorado Trail, and beyond. They call it mountain biking or bikepacking, but it’s still just a bike ride.
Connecting the dots from Rawlins, WY to Steamboat Springs, CO:
I sleep atop mountains and passes whenever the weather is clear and calm, with only my sleeping pad and bag on a nylon groundcloth. Since entering Montana, most nights have been spent en plain air. I keep most of my gear packed away, but will remove my cookset for some dinner or tea in the evening. Now out of grizzly country, I gave my bear deterrent spray to some CDT hikers and I can leave the stove set up for the morning. When I’m feeling especially organized and indulgent, I’ll prepare the pot with clean water so that it can be heated as soon as I awake for coffee or tea, like the auto-brew setting on your home system. The Penny Stove that I use was built almost a year ago while in Steamboat Springs, and has seen about 150 days of use. The steel Klean Kanteen is versatile in that I can defrost frozen water from a cold night, or sterilize stream water right in the bottle. An enameled steel camping mug isn’t much heavier than popular Lexan or plastic models, and can similarly be used for cooking or heating water. While I technically only carry one 0.8L cookpot, these versatile vessels allow more creative meals and hot drinks. A 1L plastic drink bottle contains fuel, of which I’ve mostly been sourcing the yellow bottles of Heet (automotive antifreeze, methanol). In bigger cities I can buy a full liter of ethanol, or denatured alcohol at paint and hardware stores. In France, corner stores sold a 95% concentration of ethanol as a household cleaner, always in an inspiring floral or citrus fragrance for two euro. In Mexico, “alcohol industrial” can be had at some paint stores, which wasn’t an entirely reliable source. I finally realized that the rubbing alcohol sold in Mexican pharmacies was a 70-90% concentration of ethanol, whereas rubbing alcohol in the US is almost exclusively isopropyl alcohol. Isopropyl burns incompletely and leaves a sooty mess on your pots. Inevitably, it makes a sooty mess on other things until you look like a coal miner on a bicycle. For reference, higher concentrations of isopropyl alcohol burn just fine, if necessary.
With tired legs from several weeks of riding without a rest, I find cover during the heat of the day along the Little Snake River. Of course, this was a fine swimming spot, if a little shallow. My transition into Colorado signals a more temperate climate– surface water and shade quickly reappear after a few scorching days in central and southern Wyoming. Aspens provide wonderfully cool shade while climbing, and a stark contrast to western skies.
Steamboat Springs is a tourist town, a ski town, and a little hard to crack at first. Local businesses are busy crafting and creating, and a visit to the Moots factory is inspiring (10 AM on M-W-F). Kent Erickson, who started Moots in the 80′s, now crafts fine titanium bikes in a space shared with Orange Peel Bikes, a must-see building and a fine shop. Smartwool offices are in Steamboat as well, and my host for the night offered some socks and a lightweight merino sweater– he’s a quality control agent for the company, and is full of socks that didn’t make the cut. Finally, I contacted Big Agnes in advance for some tent repairs after four years of hard use. I’m constantly seeking better solutions to equipment, but my Big Agnes Seedhouse SL2 is hard to beat and while I’ve looked for other options with curiosity, nothing improves upon the blend of durability and light weight. It sleeps two, but is light enough to carry for solo adventures. It is conveniently freestanding, which is great during the buggy season and the rainfly can be used without the mesh tent body for good ventilation during a summer rain shower. In more extreme weather, a total of 13 guy lines ensure a solid stance against the wind and rain. While in town last year they repaired a large tear in my rainfly due to a zipper mishap; this year, some sections of my tent poles needed replacement and a finicky zipper was repaired. It’s nice to have contact with real people, with real skills and expertise to help sort out technical issues. If I had gone to REI, they would have shrugged and replaced the entire product. Repairs are a much better solution, and the cost to get me back under cover was only $10.
The ride from Steamboat Springs to Kremmling is pleasant and familiar as I’ve now ridden the route over Lynx Pass three times. It was part of my path from Boulder to Steamboat last fall to meet Cass and Nancy in early October for some Divide riding. Check out Nancy’s first day of bicycle touring, climbing at 8000ft over Lynx Pass on dirt roads in the snow! At the same time I ran into Greg Mu on the road, riding a look-alike Surly Troll to what Cass was riding. Whose Troll was born first? Greg insists it was his. We all rode together for a period and had a great time, despite cold nights and some early season snow.
I overheated and perspired through my first freezing night, even though I was sleeping without a tent After buying and returning a half-dozen sleeping bags to REI over the last few years, I finally found my ideal bag at The Trailside in Missoula, MT last fall. The Mont-Bell U.L. Super Spiral Down Hugger 3 is filled with high-quality down and is rated to 30, which is an accurate description of it’s warmth. The bag is constructed in a spiral stitch pattern with elastic stitching which ensures that the down is close to the body while sleeping, but that nighttime movements are not constricted by a narrow bag. The advertised weight of the bag is 1 lb. 6 oz., and compresses to the size of a cantaloupe or smaller. An Etowah vapor barrier liner (VBL) from Rivendell keeps me warm down to 10 deg, with a lightweight down jacket and a blend of Ibex and Smartwool long underwear. I have not been carrying the VBL or down jacket through the summer months.
Connecting the dots from Steamboat to Kremmling:
My host in Kremmling is a recent Pugsley owner, with a glowing enthusiasm for fat tires. Without saying, we got along just fine. In a few weeks, he’ll set off for the Divide with my maps on his new fat tires. There are great camping and riding opportunities north of town, most of which is BLM property. Camping along Muddy Creek is recommended.